Home Children's Health How being pregnant impacts physique picture dissatisfaction amongst ladies

How being pregnant impacts physique picture dissatisfaction amongst ladies

How being pregnant impacts physique picture dissatisfaction amongst ladies


The physiological adjustments that happen throughout being pregnant heighten physique picture dissatisfaction amongst ladies, as they usually battle with socially outlined beliefs of feminine physique look. Qualitative analysis suggests pregnant ladies usually understand their our bodies negatively and really feel distressed. Thus, it’s crucial to grasp the affect of physique picture dissatisfaction on a girl’s psychological and total well being.

In a latest research revealed in BMC Being pregnant Childbirthresearchers consider how being pregnant impacts physique picture dissatisfaction.

Research: Evaluating physique picture dissatisfaction between pregnant ladies and non-pregnant ladies: a scientific overview and meta-analysis. Picture Credit score: YAKOBCHUK VIACHESLAV / Shutterstock.com

Concerning the research

Within the current research, researchers screened six on-line databases, together with Scopus, Net of Science, Pubmed, Psychinfo, Embase, and Cochrane Library, from inception to March 2022.

Research measuring physique picture dissatisfaction earlier than, throughout, or between pregnancies have been included within the evaluation. Moreover, all included research used quantitative, validated self-reported measures of physique picture dissatisfaction amongst pregnant and non-pregnant ladies to allow impact dimension calculation.

Research measuring physique picture dissatisfaction within the postnatal interval weren’t included within the evaluation. Any research gathering qualitative information or reporting on affected person instances have been additionally excluded.

Two reviewers screened all non-duplicate research independently to extract titles and abstracts. This led to 89 research for the overview, which, after making use of further exclusions, led to a complete of 17 research that met all inclusion standards. These research have been subjected to a methodological high quality evaluation based mostly on the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) Crucial Appraisal Guidelines, which rated research in excessive, average, and low-quality classes.

The information factors for the evaluation included bibliographic and demographic information, research design and moderators, physique picture dissatisfaction measure and outcomes, factors of evaluation, and gravidity, equivalent to whether or not the present being pregnant was the lady’s first being pregnant.

In case of no attrition, the researchers calculated a easy imply physique dissatisfaction rating, which thought of a weighted imply of the info factors gathered throughout being pregnant. As information for every research have been steady, standardized imply variations have been additionally decided.

Research findings

A complete of 17 research revealed between 1979 and 2022 with information from 7,630 unbiased ladies have been included within the ultimate evaluation. Extra particularly, these research comprised 3,586 and a pair of,430 pregnant and non-pregnant ladies, respectively, with a median age of about 30 years.

Though completely different scales have been used within the research, all research reported a larger degree of physique picture dissatisfaction amongst pregnant ladies as in comparison with non-pregnant ladies. Importantly, different contributing elements equivalent to age, physique mass index (BMI) gravidity, psychological well being, and gestation weren’t offered in all of the research; subsequently, these outcomes ought to be interpreted with warning.

Within the three research that thought of the impact of gravidity on physique picture dissatisfaction, two research discovered that girls of their first being pregnant skilled decrease physique dissatisfaction than these of their subsequent pregnancies. Nevertheless, the third research reported barely greater physique dissatisfaction amongst primigravidae than multigravidae ladies.

Solely 5 of the reviewed research analyzed how psychological well being standing could have impacted physique picture dissatisfaction, with a correlation noticed between despair and extra substantial physique dissatisfaction throughout being pregnant reported in a number of research.


Individuality of expertise gave the impression to be paramount moderately than timeframe of being pregnant, highlighting real variations in perinatal expertise.”

Though the first statistical evaluation of the reviewed research indicated that physique picture dissatisfaction was not considerably altered throughout being pregnant in comparison with when ladies weren’t pregnant, appreciable variations within the outcomes have been noticed. Extra particularly, some research reported decrease physique picture dissatisfaction throughout being pregnant, whereas others reported larger physique picture dissatisfaction or no change. Thus, regardless of the dearth of a transparent conclusion of how being pregnant would possibly contribute to lowering physique picture dissatisfaction, the one constant characteristic of this overview was the heterogeneity of the outcomes.

The wide selection of outcomes reported on this overview signifies that every lady experiences being pregnant otherwise and that the affect of being pregnant on their physique picture satisfaction could also be straight associated to how the lady internalizes social pressures. Furthermore, some pregnant ladies could also be extra conscious of skinny beliefs than others and thus not internalize them, whereas others could also be extra centered on supporting a wholesome being pregnant than dwelling on how they or others could understand their altering bodily look.

Journal reference:

  • Crossland, A.E., Munns, L., Kirk, E. (2023). Evaluating physique picture dissatisfaction between pregnant ladies and non-pregnant ladies: a scientific overview and meta-analysis. BMC Being pregnant Childbirth 23;709. doi:10.1186/s12884-023-05930-w



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