Home Running The science behind the warmup

The science behind the warmup

The science behind the warmup


Most runners do at the least a brief, simple jog earlier than any race, interval exercise or different higher-intensity session. It’s extensively accepted as being a helpful, certainly a mandatory, prelude to a tough session, however what precisely is going on in your physique throughout your warmup, and the way does it profit your efficiency? New analysis has uncovered the reply.

The research, revealed within the Journal of Common Physiology, was led by Osaka College, The Jikei College College of Medication and Nationwide Institutes for Quantum Science and Know-how. The specifics of the way it enhances muscle efficiency had not beforehand been clearly understood; this research aimed to uncover the results of heating on muscle contraction and discover whether or not totally different muscle mass have various temperature sensitivities.

Empty track


The research

The analysis group found that muscle cells include sure proteins that act as temperature sensors. They discovered that skeletal muscle mass, that are answerable for motion, have been extra delicate to heating than the muscle mass of the center, for instance. This better sensitivity permits skeletal muscle mass to contract rapidly and effectively when warmed up, even from slight will increase in temperature ensuing from mild motion, comparable to a warmup jog. 

Alternatively, the muscle mass of the center have a decrease temperature sensitivity, which helps them preserve a steady beat, no matter temperature. This is smart, as a result of whereas your muscle mass have the chance to relaxation while you’re not utilizing them, your coronary heart must beat constantly irrespective of how scorching or chilly you might be. In different phrases, a slight enhance in temperature advantages your skeletal muscle mass, however has comparatively little impact in your coronary heart.

running drills

What does this imply for runners?

The findings recommend that warming up skeletal muscle mass can improve their effectivity by saving vitality and permitting for higher relaxation when not in use. 

In fact, is that there’s a fantastic line between warming up effectively and over-taxing your muscle mass earlier than your exercise or race. How a lot or how little you heat up will rely on a number of elements, together with the size of your run or race. (Typically, the shorter the race or exercise, the quicker it’s essential to run, and subsequently the longer you need to spend warming up.) One other issue is the temperature outdoors–you possible don’t must heat up for as lengthy when it’s 30 C outdoors as when it’s 5 C.

The warmup doesn’t should difficult. Generally, a lightweight, 10-minute jog and a few easy warmup drills are all you want to be able to run at your finest.




Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here