Home Disability Prayatna Nepal’s Self-Protection Coaching for Visually Impaired Girls

Prayatna Nepal’s Self-Protection Coaching for Visually Impaired Girls

Prayatna Nepal’s Self-Protection Coaching for Visually Impaired Girls


Principal Digest

In a world that depends closely on visible cues, the challenges confronted by visually impaired girls are manifold. Navigating every day life could be a advanced and typically perilous job, with security issues looming massive. Among the many myriad challenges, the heightened vulnerability to sexual assault underscores the pressing want for tailor-made empowerment methods. One such highly effective software is self-defense coaching, a key element in fostering resilience, self-confidence, and independence amongst visually impaired girls.

The tough reality is that people with visible impairments ceaselessly expertise a disproportionate degree of vulnerability, with girls, particularly, confronting an elevated risk of sexual assault. On a regular basis actions, corresponding to navigating unfamiliar environments, crossing busy streets, or merely strolling residence, rework into probably perilous undertakings. Acknowledging the importance of self-defense as a elementary proper, Prayatna Nepal has initiated a pivotal program. From November 2nd to November sixth, 2023, the group performed a complete five-day self-defense coaching program particularly tailor-made for 12 visually impaired women as a part of its Pinour initiative.

The coaching periods, facilitated by seasoned professionals within the discipline, offered complete instruction encompassing a various array of subjects. The curriculum seamlessly built-in theoretical ideas with sensible purposes, specializing in the event of each mushy abilities and exhausting abilities methods.

All through the coaching, contributors gained insights into the broad spectrum of Sexual Violence, delving into the theoretical and sensible elements of self-defense. Emphasis was positioned on understanding the ideas and traits distinguishing Good Contact from Dangerous Contact, in addition to equipping people with the instruments to peacefully navigate uncomfortable conditions.

This system additionally explored the intricate dynamics of worry throughout the context of sexual assault and instilled a heightened sense of Situational Consciousness. A novel facet of the coaching concerned the introduction of color-coded risk consciousness, shedding mild on the significance of Cyber Safety Consciousness in at the moment’s digital panorama.

One notable phase of the coaching targeted on using the White cane as a defensive software to keep away from violence, showcasing revolutionary approaches to private security. By addressing these multifaceted elements, the coaching aimed to empower people with a complete ability set, fostering a proactive strategy to private safety and well-being.

Conceptual Readability

Sexual Violence:

Sexual violence refers to any act or tried act involving undesirable or non-consensual sexual contact or conduct. It encompasses a variety of bodily, verbal, or psychological behaviors meant to coerce, manipulate, or power somebody into sexual actions towards their will. Sexual violence can happen in numerous contexts, together with intimate relationships, workplaces, colleges, and communities.

Examples of sexual violence embody rape, sexual assault, sexual harassment, stalking, and different types of non-consensual sexual exercise. It’s a severe violation of a person’s autonomy, dignity, and fundamental human rights.

4 indicators of sexual violence:

  • Verbal: Undesirable calls for, sexual jokes, double-meaning phrases, rumors of a sexual nature, and sexual blackmail or mockery.
  • Symbolic: Non-verbal sexual gestures.
  • Visible: On-line harassment, sending or demanding sexual footage or movies, displaying sexual content material in public or non-public areas with out consent.
  • Bodily: Dangerous contact, street blocking, direct bodily assaults, rape.

What’s self-defense?

Self-defense refers back to the actions that a person takes to guard themselves, their property, or others from hurt. It’s a elementary proper acknowledged in lots of authorized programs worldwide. The idea acknowledges that people have the correct to make use of cheap power when confronted with a risk of violence or hurt.

Self-defense can take numerous kinds, together with bodily power, verbal communication, or the usage of non-lethal weapons. The important thing precept is that the response ought to be proportionate to the risk confronted. Legal guidelines relating to self-defense range by jurisdiction, outlining circumstances beneath which an individual can use power to guard themselves or others.

Bodily Session

Normal overview:

Earlier than beginning any exhausting coaching, contributors had been taught to do warm-up and cardio, adopted by respiratory workout routines. Sensible methods had been then taught to every participant, emphasizing the usage of their voice as a self-defense weapon to hunt assist and reply confidently.

Save our Soul (SOS) Block:

Contributors had been virtually taught to guard their most delicate elements and retaliate towards any violence or threats by way of palm strike and knee strike methods.

Good Contact VS Dangerous Contact:

Within the context of self-defense for visually impaired people, together with girls, the ideas of “good contact” and “unhealthy contact” are essential for understanding and responding to bodily interactions. These phrases are sometimes used to show people, particularly these with visible impairments, about private boundaries and recognizing probably dangerous conditions.

Good Contact:

Good contact refers to bodily contact that’s acceptable, consensual, and non-threatening. It consists of gestures corresponding to a handshake, a pat on the again, or a hug between pals or members of the family.

Dangerous Contact:

Dangerous contact refers to any bodily contact that’s inappropriate, unwelcome, or feels uncomfortable. It consists of actions that could be dangerous, threatening, or violate private boundaries.

The best way to navigate uncomfortable conditions peacefully:

The coaching additionally emphasised offering contributors with insights on dealing with difficult conditions with a peaceful and composed strategy. Firstly, it’s essential to not resort to aggression or subject further threats, as this will escalate tensions additional. Secondly, refraining from presenting additional challenges is important to keep up a constructive dialogue and forestall the state of affairs from worsening. Lastly, it’s suggested to not dismiss the problem if the particular person exhibiting inappropriate conduct is somebody shut or acquainted, as addressing such issues is important for establishing wholesome boundaries and fostering a respectful setting.

Idea of Concern within the Context of Sexual Assault

The coaching addressed the idea of worry within the context of sexual assault, encompassing each theoretical and sensible elements. Contributors had been educated on the instinctive responses of battle, flight, however notably, the freeze response was additionally emphasised.

The significance of prioritizing escape over confrontation with the perpetrator was underscored, recognizing the nuanced dynamics of such conditions. The coaching delved into the intricate interaction of bodily responses, psychological reactions, and physiological responses that people might expertise throughout a sexual assault.

Along with addressing the instant responses to worry, the session additionally delved into the importance and advantages of incorporating meditation practices as a method to mitigate psychological stress. Contributors had been enlightened on the transformative influence of meditation in fostering resilience and emotional well-being within the aftermath of traumatic occasions.

Idea of Situational Consciousness

When many individuals take into consideration self-defense, they visualize the bodily elements, the punches and kicks. Once we educate self-defense, one learns that there are a lot of elements of self-defense. We educate that the very last thing one does to remain protected is to battle. In our opinion, crucial method in self-defense is one that everybody ought to take part in on a steady foundation. Situational Consciousness – merely being conscious of your environment – is the cornerstone of self-defense and the bottom of the risk pyramid.

Colour Codes of Risk Consciousness

The late Jeff Cooper, USMC retired, developed a system that described the totally different attainable ranges of consciousness based mostly on colour. Cooper’s Colour Codes of Consciousness are divided into 5 attainable classes, white, yellow, orange, crimson and black. Degree white is one which nobody ought to ever be in. If you’re in degree white, you aren’t conscious in any respect in what’s going on round you. You might be completely unprepared within the occasion somebody attacked. We regularly consult with this as “Fb” degree of consciousness in honor of these individuals strolling round with their faces glued to their telephones on Fb, texting or different social media. Code Degree Yellow is the place we ought to be more often than not. In Degree Yellow we’re conscious of our environment. We’re ready however relaxed. In Degree Orange, we’ve got decided that there’s a attainable risk and are ready to behave. In Degree Crimson, we’re concerned in an emergency and our focus is on coping with that emergency. In addition to the occasion we’re engaged in, a secondary hazard is that as a result of our focus is so intensely on this occasion, we might not see different attainable risks approaching, i.e. pals of an preliminary attacker. In Colour Code Black, we panic, freeze and shut down. That is the worst attainable state.

By being conscious of who’s round you and what’s occurring always, one’s probabilities of staying out of bother are elevated considerably.

Cyber Safety Consciousness

Cyber Safety Consciousness focuses on educating people and organizations in regards to the significance of safeguarding digital info and programs from cyber threats. It encompasses understanding potential dangers, adopting safe practices, and being vigilant towards on-line threats corresponding to phishing, malware, and information breaches. By selling consciousness, customers can contribute to a safer on-line setting and shield delicate info from unauthorized entry. Coaching and training play an important function in empowering individuals to acknowledge and reply to cyber threats successfully, finally enhancing total cybersecurity posture.

Step for Cyber Safety Consciousness:

  • Common updates: Preserve software program, antivirus packages, and working programs updated to patch vulnerabilities.
  • Robust passwords: Create advanced passwords utilizing a mixture of letters, numbers, and particular characters.
  • Acknowledge phishing makes an attempt: Be cautious about unsolicited emails or messages and keep away from clicking on suspicious hyperlinks.
  • Confirm sources: Affirm the legitimacy of requests for private info by way of various means earlier than offering any particulars.
  • Social media: Modify privateness settings on social media platforms to manage who can entry private info.
  • Restrict private info: Be cautious about sharing delicate particulars on-line.
  • Allow 2FA: Add an additional layer of safety to on-line accounts by enabling two-factor authentication the place out there.
  • Knowledge backups: Commonly again up necessary information to stop information loss in case of a cyberattack or system failure.

Utilizing a White Cane as a Weapon to Keep away from Violence

Extension of Private House:

  • Within the context of self-defense, the white cane may be seen as an extension of private area. When held diagonally throughout the physique, it creates a bodily barrier, offering an early warning system for detecting obstacles and potential threats.

Blocking and Hanging Methods:

  • Contributors had been taught blocking methods to deflect incoming assaults. The cane can be utilized to intercept and redirect power away from the person.
  • Hanging methods was additionally included, the place contributors be taught to make use of the cane to ship focused blows to particular susceptible areas of an assailant, such because the knee or groin.

Disorientation and Distraction:

  • Speedy, managed actions of the cane can disorient an attacker by disrupting their spatial consciousness. This may create a chance for the visually impaired particular person to flee or search assist.


In conclusion, Prayatna Nepal’s self-defense coaching program for visually impaired girls has not solely addressed the distinctive challenges confronted by this marginalized group however has additionally shattered stereotypes surrounding their capabilities. The contributors entered this system with excessive expectations, looking for to construct confidence, improve self-defense abilities, practice others, and transfer by way of the world with a newfound sense of safety.

Earlier than the coaching, the contributors expressed a need to learn to be mentally ready, use their voices as weapons, and rework dangerous conditions into alternatives to exhibit power and self-confidence. After the intensive five-day program, these expectations weren’t solely met however exceeded, because the contributors emerged with a complete ability set and a proactive strategy to private safety.

The coaching not solely coated bodily methods but additionally delved into the theoretical elements of self-defense, together with understanding the dynamics of sexual violence, distinguishing between good contact and unhealthy contact, and addressing the idea of worry within the context of sexual assault. The contributors gained helpful insights into situational consciousness, recognizing potential threats, and using the color-coded risk consciousness system of their every day lives.

The distinctive incorporation of the white cane as a defensive software showcased revolutionary approaches to private security. Contributors realized to increase their private area, block and strike with the cane, and use disorientation and distraction methods to create alternatives for escape. This holistic strategy to self-defense has empowered visually impaired girls with the talents and data to navigate the world confidently.

Reflecting on their experiences, contributors famous a big transformation of their confidence ranges, expressing a newfound means to sort out numerous types of violence. They highlighted the significance of this system in not solely imparting sensible self-defense abilities but additionally instilling a way of empowerment and resilience. The contributors now really feel higher geared up to face the challenges of every day life, stroll wherever with confidence, and contribute to the protection and well-being of their communities.

Jalasa Sapkota is a author, researcher and incapacity rights activist.



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